Analysing technical efficiency of Hoa Loc mango between cooperative and non-cooperative farmer groups in Southern Vietnam

Truong Hong Vo Tuan Kiet and Shaufique F. Sidique

Net Journal of Agricultural Science
Published: December 13 2019
Volume 7, Issue 4
Pages 125-137
DOI: https://doi.org/10.30918/NJAS.74.19.037

ABSTRACT

A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to collect data via structured questionnaires with 184 sampling observations of cooperative group and 230 that of non-cooperative group. The disparity of the study from previous studies were efficiency comparison of three seasons instead of only focusing on efficiency of one season or total a year, especially was compared between cooperative and non-cooperative group. The results indicated that technical efficiency mean of cooperative farmer category was lower than that of non-cooperative farmer category in the first season. However, technical efficiency mean of cooperative grower group was greater than that of non-cooperative grower group in of second season and third season. More so, the positive determinants of technical efficiency of cooperative farmer group were age and plant density in season 1, wrapping bag in season 1 and season 2, land area in season 1 and season 3, and credit access and market access in season 3 while the negative factors were payment for agro-input wholesale and classifying sale in season 1, credit access in season 2, age, education, farming experience and plant density in season 3. Turning to non-cooperative farmer group, the positive determinants of technical efficiency were land area in season 2 and season 3, credit access in season 2, and plant density in season 3 whereas the negative elements were wrapping bag in season 1 and season 2, age, education, farming experience, market access and land area in season 1, and classifying sale in season 2. Based on these findings, policy makers should focus on effective inputs models that would boost technical efficiency through conducting regular workshops and orchard demonstrations on using input materials effectively for mango farmers. Also, farmers should be empowered in land area acquisition to applied advanced technology in large-scale production more effectively.

Keywords: Technical efficiency, Hoa Loc mango, cooperative, Southern Vietnam.

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